Brasilia has been our business since 1979. In our history, we have experienced several transformations in the Brazilian political scenario. This dynamic led to some changes in the working structure of Umbelino Lobo Advisory and Consulting Services in order to make sure the company was in tune with such transformations and with the challenges that following the national political scene demanded and still demands.
Therefore, we present to you our path thus far and the main facts we have not only witnessed but also experienced as business in this period and that are part of our constitution.
Umbelino Lobo Advisory and Consulting Services was created on July 15 th ,1979, still in the context of the military regime in Brazil. During this period, Antonio Marcos Umbelino Lobo occasionally took on positions in the Government, having to step away from the company. In those times, his brother, and then business partner, Murilo Lobo, would stand in for him.
Umbelino Lobo Advisory and Consulting Services is created in July. In the same year, Antonio Marcos steps down from the company and becomes Chief of Staff for Helio Beltrao, Brazilian Extraordinary Minister for Debureaucratization.
Joao Figueredo, the last military president, takes office. Amnesty negotiation begins.
Antonio Marcos accumulates the position of Chief of Staff for the Minister of Social Security and Medical Assistance, Helio Beltrao. He returns to the company the following year.
After 16 years, the first direct elections for state governors is held, in which two former exiles are elected: Leonel Brizola in Rio de Janeiro, and Miguel Arraes in Pernambuco.
The “Diretas Já” movement (Direct Elections Now) grows stronger and spreads across the
Despite the campaign for direct elections in the previous year, the indirect presidential election of Tancredo Neves takes place, closing the cycle of military presidents, which began in 1964. However, Tancredo passed away before taking office. In April of the same year, Jose Sarney takes office as president.
Antonio Marcos takes on the chief position of the Petrobras office in Brasilia, stepping down from the company.
With Antonio Marcos back at Umbelino, the ‘Góes, Piquet e Lobo’ firm is created, specializing in political risk analysis and following closely the works of the Constituent Assembly. This process mobilized all sectors extensively – companies, unions, civil servants, states, municipalities, judiciary branch, etc.
General Elections for Governor, State and Federal Deputies, and Senators. The elected parliamentarians were responsible for drafting the Federal Constitution of 1988.
The first direct elections for President of the Republic in 29 years had several candidates, such as Ulysses Guimaraes, Aureliano Chaves and Mario Covas. The second round between Lula and Color, the latter being elected, was the biggest surprise of the event.
Antonio Marcos steps down once again to take office as chief of staff for the Minister of Infrastructure, Ozires Silva.
In April, Antonio Marcos returns to Umbelino and leaves “Goes, Piquet &Lobo” for good and the firm later becomes IBEP – Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos Políticos (Brazilian Institute of Political Studies).
The establishment of a representative and participative democratic regime naturally changes the range of actions of civil society in the public scope. Thus, since 1992, Umbelino Lobo Advisory and Consulting Services gained more substance, expanding the number of employees and its physical structure.
Fernando Collor takes office as President in a context of high inflation. He adopts the controversial measure of freezing the savings accounts of Brazilian people. In 1992, charges against Collor are brought to public and lead to his impeachment by the end of the same year. Itamar Franco, the Vice-President and politician member of PMDB, takes over and finishes the term.
His government was notable for measures aimed at recovering the Brazilian economy, such as the implementation of “Plano Real” (Real Plan), the passing of the Fiscal Responsibility Law, the reform of Government and the Privatization Program. Other memorable factors of his administration were the Blackout Crisis and the passing of the constitutional amendment that allows for reelection.
This administration was marked mainly for social programs to reduce poverty and hunger, such as Bolsa Família.
On economy, the Lula administration was mark by a GDP growth average of 4% a year, record numbers in the commercial balance and foreign exchange reserves, low rates of inflation and unemployment. This context contributed so the country would not feel substantially the effects
of the 2008-2009 financial crisis.
It also launched the Growth Acceleration Program (PAC), made concessions for federal highways and privatized hydroelectric power plants, like Santo Antonio and Jirau. Another event worth mentioning is the Aerial Sector Crisis. Furthermore, internationally, the country raised its political capital in forums and multilateral groups. It was during this administration that Brazil was chosen as a host for the 2014 World Cup and Rio for the 2016 Olympics.
The main political crisis was caused by the Mensalao corruption scandal.
The first mandate started with several Ministers being removed in light of charges and involvement with corruption scandals. In 2013, the Mais Medicos (More Doctors) Program was implemented, and, the following year, Brazil left the hunger map.
During her administration, the Operation Car Wash was initiated, which had, and still has, a direct impact on the country’s political stability. It also brought to attention the dynamic of relations between the public and private sectors and the perspective of accelerating these interactions.
After reelection, she was impeached in August 2016, being accused of “fiscal pedaling”.
His term was marked by measures aimed at the country’s economic growth, such as the proposed constitutional amendment for a constitutional cap and changes in labor laws. However, the social security reform was not concluded, remaining as the main challenge for the next government.
Temer was also named in two charges sent to the National Congress for analysis, but the House of Representatives did not approve them, and so they were not further investigated.
2017 – Partnership change: Felipe Oppelt becomes a partner in the company.
Partnership change: Ana Victoria Soraggi Lafeta, Leobino Araujo, Luisa Araujo and Wandrea Neiva become partners in the company.